Blepharoplasty, also known as plastic eye surgery, is one of the cheapest and easiest operations in cosmetic surgery. At the same time, this intervention can alleviate the most expressive signs of aging - overhangs and puffiness in the eyelids. During the operation, which also takes no more than an hour and a half, the fatty hernias are carefully removed, we usually call them "bags" under the eyes, the excess skin is excised and the problem of bruising under the eyes. eyes is eliminated. And if before the operation the patient still looked at the world "under his eyebrows" under the weight of the swelling of the upper and lower eyelids, then at the exit, his gaze becomes open, young "upside down" and fresh.
Limited eye plastic surgery
And, contrary to popular skepticism, the natural shape of the eyes after blepharoplasty does not change, they do not stretch artificially, as, for example, in Jocelyn Wildenstein. To achieve such a result, you should at least exceed the "limit" of plastic surgeries for one person, and there should be no more than four. It's unclear how many of them Jocelyn had, but she clearly went way beyond the limits of what was allowed.
In general, plastic surgeons say that during the operation the eyes are literally lengthened by 1-2 mm - these changes, as a rule, are not noticed even by the patients themselves. But if they are constantly pulled and increased by 1 cm, they will inevitably begin to reveal all the secrets so diligently hidden.
But at the same time, experts immediately point out that the effect of plastic surgery on the eyes lasts only 5-7 years. Therefore, most of the patients here are people over the age of 35 with visible age-related deformities, which cause a person significant discomfort.
Another important point: blepharoplasty does not smooth out wrinkles at the corners of the eyes, also called "crow's feet". For these purposes, there are now various injections available - from botulinum toxin to more natural vitamin cocktails based on hyaluronic acid. Today it is the easiest, fastest and most painless way to get rid of fine wrinkles not only around the eyes, but also on the forehead, in the area of the nasolabial fold, between the eyebrows.
Age-related changes aren't the only indication for eye plastic surgery
However, age as an indication for blepharoplasty is a fairly relative criterion, as young people often turn to plastic surgeons who need eye plastic surgery against the background of signs of premature aging in this area. The premature aging of this area in them may be due to the following reasons:
- genetic predisposition to rapid aging or to the formation of "bags" under the eyes;
- liver and kidney disease;
- "Unhealthy" lifestyle: eating too salty foods, alcohol, tobacco;
- harmful cosmetic habits, such as stretching the skin when applying creams, the habit of not removing makeup, lack of proper cosmetic care.
If the young patient does not need to remove the excess skin, the surgeon will give preference to modern techniques of plastic surgery of the eye - transconjunctival blepharoplasty. This technique is the least traumatic and does not even require stitches. The only thing, this way, you can remove only the fatty deposits (bags under the eyes) in the upper and lower eyelids, without excising other tissues.
To perform the manipulations, the plastic surgeon twists the eyelid, makes a millimeter puncture on its inner surface, called the conjunctiva, and removes fatty hernias through it, which are the cause of the formation of bags under the eyes. The puncture located on the mucous membrane is tightened shortly after the operation without any additional intervention, since the tissues here regenerate particularly quickly. Usually, after such an operation, the patient is sent for discharge 1 to 1. 5 hours after the operation.
Indications for plastic eye surgery
- fatty hernias in the area of the upper and / or lower eyelid;
- "Bruises" under the eyes;
- swelling in the periorbital region;
- ptosis of the upper eyelid;
- wrinkles and excess skin around the eyes;
- asymmetry of the eyes (shape and cut);
- a single crease in the upper eyelid area (typical for people of Asian appearance)
Eye plastic surgery methods
In modern plastic surgery, there are two main methods of performing blepharoplasty:
- Laser- the cuts are made with a laser beam;
- Surgical- "access" is opened with a scalpel.
Types of plastic surgery operations for eye correction
All plastic surgery procedures on the eyes do not last more than an hour and a half. They are performed either under general anesthesia (desirable for circular blepharoplasty) or under local anesthesia based on adrenaline and 1-2 solutions of lidocaine. Within two hours of the operation, the patient must be at the clinic to rule out complications.
Sutures after eye plastic surgery are removed within 3 to 4 days - in the case of classic blepharoplasty, if the operation was performed transconjunctival, they do not overlap at all.
After blepharoplasty, bruising and swelling may persist around the eyes for 1 to 2 weeks. Usually, this is a normal phenomenon - you just have to wait.
Plastic surgery of the upper eyelids
Assumes eye correction in the upper eyelid area. As a result, the "heavy" overhang is removed, excess skin is removed. For manipulations, the plastic surgeon makes an incision in the area of the natural crease located in the area of the upper eyelid, after which he removes the excess skin flap and, having opened access to fatty tissue, he also removes them. . The incision is sutured here with an inner seam and the finest special threads. As a result, within 1-2 months the scar becomes completely invisible even to the patient himself.
Plastic surgery of the lower eyelid and removal of bruises and bags under the eyes
With blepharoplasty on the lower eyelid, an incision is made 1 to 2 millimeters below the lash line. During the operation, the surgeon first cuts off some of the excess skin, after which he opens and removes the tissues of the fatty bags, which are fatty hernias. Sometimes also, lower blepharoplasty, on the contrary, does not eliminate fatty deposits, but supplements them slightly, distributing them evenly over the "lower" area.
After that, internal seams are applied which, as in the first case, completely fade after about 1-2 months and become completely invisible.
It is a simultaneous correction of the lower and upper eyelids.
Eye incision plastic surgery
This technique of plastic eye surgery is the most requested by people of Asian appearance. The intervention, also called cantoplasty, transforms a single fold of the upper eyelid, characteristic of the Asian population, into a double fold, similar to the one we have.
During the plastic surgery operation of the eye incision, the epicanthus (the characteristic overhang of the skin fold in the inner corner of the eye) is removed with the simultaneous formation of a double crescent-shaped fold. Excess fat around the eyes is also eliminated.
But Asian appearance is not the only indication for plastic eye surgery, that is, in addition to correcting the crease of the upper eyelid. With such an intervention, you can correct the shape of the eyes, their incision, tighten their lowered outer corners. Cantoplasty is no more traumatic than other types of blepharoplasty.
Recovery period after plastic eye surgery
On average, the recovery period takes 2-6 weeks. Non-smokers who scrupulously follow all the postoperative recommendations of the surgeon can count on the minimum time:
- for 7-10 days the patient should wear tinted glasses;
- for about 10-14 days you need to stop wearing contact lenses in favor of glasses;
- avoid physical exertion, sudden movements, bending, this can cause seams to break;
- at least for a month you need to abandon cosmetic procedures;
- makeup is only allowed 10 days after the operation.
Contraindications to eye plastic surgery
- cardiovascular illnesses;
- colds and infectious diseases;
- respiratory arrest;
- liver and kidney disease;
- chronic diseases in the acute stage;
- thyroid disease;
- mental disorders;
- violation of blood clotting;
- Pregnancy and breast feeding
To identify the factors that hinder plastic eye surgery, the following tests are done:
- general blood test;
- blood for coagulogram;
- blood chemistry;
- the conclusion of the cardiologist on the basis of the ECG;
- conclusion of the endocrinologist;
- ultrasound of abdominal organs;
- blood test for HIV;
- consult a psychologist.
Eye plastic surgery prices
In recent years, the prices of plastic surgery have dropped significantly. This is mainly due to the technicalization of this field, but in no case to a decrease in the quality of the services provided. Previously, plastic surgeons operated primarily with a single scalpel and outdated techniques, making wide and deep incisions that left fairly noticeable scars. Today, instead of these techniques, there are more affordable high-tech techniques that allow you to perform any surgery quickly and minimally invasively. Because of this, the price of plastic surgery has become more affordable for ordinary people.