More and more people are unhappy with their appearance and are trying to correct certain parts of the body. Sometimes it is madness, but to a greater extent, everyone began to treat it completely indifferently, as the demand for plastic surgery increases every year. For example, rhinoplasty is an opportunity to correct the shape of your nose, while blepharoplasty corrects the eyelids, etc.<1_img_centerxx>
What is rhinoplasty
Rhinoplasty is an operation that changes the shape and, if desired, the size of the nose. The first such correction was performed by a German surgeon named Jacques Josev in the first half of the last century. After this successful experience, this type of surgery began to gain popularity every day, and thanks to the constant development of medicine and equipment, it became even easier and safer. The essence of this surgery is to change the bone-cartilage structure of the nose, immediately after removing the skin. Despite the fact that this type of procedure is already quite popular, there are still quite a number of myths that in one way or another can frighten the patient.
Myths and reality
The first myth says that this type of surgery can be performed by any plastic surgeon. Indeed, a doctor of this specialization must be able to have at least knowledge, and at most superficial skills. Unfortunately, this does not mean at all that he has enough practical experience to perform such an operation at the highest level. This procedure is very complicated, and any plastic surgeon should know all the nuances and subtleties of the structure of the nose and respiratory system, since the main task is not only the attractiveness of the patient, but also the proper functioning of the organ. after the operation. In this case, the doctor must respect the aesthetic proportions of the face.
There is an opinion that rhinoplasty of the nose is mainly for people who have some kind of obsession with body contouring. But the fact is that the doctor himself can prescribe such a correction if the proper functioning of the respiratory organ is disturbed. At the same time, it should not be denied that a beautiful and graceful nose gives more self-confidence (especially for women), which will certainly change your life for the better. But to regard this operation as satisfying one's inner "self" is completely wrong, rather, as a modern type of psychotherapy.
Rumors that nasal rhinoplasty is a painful operation are not without merit. Like any other surgery, it comes with some risks, but compared to the same breast augmentation, the first one is less dangerous. As for the pain, the patient will not feel it, since the whole procedure is performed under general anesthesia. After the operation, swelling and slight discomfort persist for 5-7 days, but not more.
Some people think rhinoplasty is best in spring or summer, but in fact this is a pure myth, since the procedure can be done any time of the year.
The best rhinoplasty is that performed by a professional doctor, after which there will be no more traces of the intervention. Whether the operation is noticeable or not depends initially on the degree of curvature.
Do not think that rhinoplasty can completely change the shape of the nose so that it becomes perfect. Much of it is limited by the individual characteristics of the structure, skin and cartilage framework, which is why patients may even be dissatisfied with the result of the operation. So, according to statistics, one in ten patients, after the scar tissue has healed, returns to the doctor to change its shape.
Choosing a new nose
In order to take into account the capabilities of the doctor and the needs of the patient, computer diagnostics are carried out, after which you will be provided with a photo. Rhinoplasty and, therefore, the surgeon himself cannot go beyond the safe procedure if the shape of the nose does not allow the desired result to be achieved. But the doctor will be able to suggest the intervention as close as possible to the ideal.
Based on the aesthetics of the parameters of the nose, more attention is paid to the profile angle, which is calculated by the line connecting the chin to the forehead relative to the back of the nose. As for women, rhinoplasty of the tip of the nose is relevant for them, when it is performed slightly raised above the plane. Thanks to this correction, the face noticeably rejuvenates. Remember that the shape will be chosen by the surgeon taking into account the parameters of the face as much as possible. The operation should be carried out in such a way that the nose is not only in harmony with the rest of the body, but also gives the owner individuality.
Types of rhinoplasty
Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure, which is represented by several types:
- open intervention;
- surgery without removing the skin (closed);
- use fillers;
- repeated (secondary);
- columella operation;
- change in the shape of the nostrils;
- rhinoplasty of a wide nose.
As with the first method, for this the doctor makes an incision, directly along the bridge between the nostrils, thus obtaining the maximum possible view for the surgeon. In this case, full control over the course of the operation is possible. In the closed method, the incision is made from the inside, making it less traumatic, just like when correcting the shape of the nose, through the use of fillers. Other types of interventions are determined based on individual anatomy.
Recently, the most popular type of rhinoplasty is a procedure in which a correction is made, designed to influence the age-related increase of the nasal dorsum bulge, sagging of the tip and base. Over time, it gets bigger and more prominent, which makes the woman look older. In addition, with age, the ears also increase, so the surgeon must take this into account when correcting, so that everything is proportional. Even with a facelift, it is often necessary to correct the nose in relation to the new facial contour. By the way, antiaging rhinoplasty is the most individual type. The prices for this type of correction will also be different in each specific case.
There is a certain list of conditions under which the operation is not performed:
- Rhinoplasty is not performed until the age of 18 unless it is a necessary measure after injury.
- Inflammatory processes of the skin in the nose.
- Serious diseases of internal organs that can lead to complications.
- Acute infectious, oncological and viral diseases.
- Blood diseases.
Prepare for surgery
A high quality rhinoplasty is above all a perfect understanding between the doctor and the patient. During the first appointment, the surgeon must listen to all wishes. Additionally, depending on the requirements, the physician should discuss possible techniques that will be relevant in a particular case. After that, an assessment is made of various nuances that can directly or indirectly affect the course of the operation. The choice of a particular technique is based solely on the following parameters:
- customer requirements;
- the structure of the osteochondral corset of the nose;
- condition and thickness of the skin;
- the age of the patient;
- face type.
At the same stage, it is necessary to carry out computer modeling, the purpose of which is the virtual creation of the shape of the nose using a special program. Regarding the choice of the surgical technique, the initiative is entirely transferred to the hands of the surgeon. A complete history is taken.
The doctor must inform his patient of the correct preparation for the operation. This includes eliminating certain foods from the diet, mandatory stopping smoking, and limiting the consumption of certain liquids, especially alcohol.
The operation may be postponed if the patient has recently suffered from a skin infection or diseases associated with the upper respiratory tract. About 1-2 weeks before the corrective procedure, it is necessary to completely abandon drugs containing salicylates.
At present, there are a sufficient number of private and public clinics where rhinoplasty can be performed. The prices in these medical establishments are set according to the level of the establishment, the equipment, the professionalism of the doctors and, of course, the procedure that they offer and practice. Local anesthesia is often used and several sedative cubes are injected into the vein. There are times when general anesthesia is needed. All the time, during the duration of the operation, the patient is under the constant supervision of special computerized equipment, which monitors the stable work of the heart, pulse, pressure.
At the end of all surgical interventions and procedures, the patient is transferred to the ward. Often there can be some discomfort, but it all goes away quickly with the right targeted medications. In some types of surgery, it is necessary to apply a special splint so that the nose is in a stationary state and is protected from accidental bruising. If a rhinoplasty of the tip of the nose was performed, a special triangular bandage is applied for support, it is possible to use nostril splints, which are placed inside. It is possible to leave the clinic in a few hours, but some patients decide to stay overnight.
The operation itself does not last very long, about a few hours, it all depends on the chosen method of intervention and the initial complexity.
The first step is an incision of the vestibule of the nasal mucosa. After that, the surgeon is required to correct the tip of the nose, sometimes it is necessary to change the height of the nostrils and the width of the base of the nose. After the lump or nose is removed, the necessary appearance is given, the final correction takes place with the help of cartilage, and they can be either their own or kept. During deformities, the operation takes place in parallel with the change in position of the nasal septum.
It is worth noting that after all the manipulations carried out, the nose undergoes changes that the surgeon cannot predict with 100% accuracy, this can be demonstrated by numerous photos. Rhinoplasty is a very complex procedure, but there is still a small percentage of unsuccessful interventions, which are due only to the individual characteristics of the patient.
Any surgery in the body is unnatural and does not go without a trace, and rhinoplasty is no exception. Surgeons, of course, must have a high level of qualification, but sometimes there can be complications that are exclusively related to individual characteristics. These include:
- anatomical structure;
- reaction to anesthesia;
- wound healing;
- the body's general reaction to surgery;
The risk of complications can be reduced to zero if you carefully follow all the doctor's recommendations.
In the first days after rhinoplasty, the nose can cause some discomfort. The appearance of bags around the eyes is also noted, but after 4 days after the operation there will be no more traces of it. Already after 2 weeks, the nose will almost completely fix its final shape, but full formation still occurs within six months. During this period, it is necessary to be especially careful when caring for the skin in the nasal area, as it will become particularly susceptible to damage. During this period, it is recommended to refuse to go to the sauna and wear glasses for a month and a half.
Return to normal life
If you do not take on a significant physical effort, you can start your daily life, or even work, within a week after the end of the operation. As for the resumption of sports, it is recommended to start them at the earliest after 3-4 weeks. You should also avoid direct sunlight on your face. In fact, anyone can perform rhinoplasty, but it will be possible to achieve and consolidate the desired result only in full compliance with all the recommendations of the doctor.